It has not more than 250 members and they are elected by the people indirectly as they are elected by the Legislative Assemblies of the various states. The Prime Minister, if he happens to be a ledger of a party not having the required majority should prove majority strength in both Houses of Parliament within the period stipulated by the President Correct Answer: The Prime Minister has to communicate to the President all decisions of the Cabinet relating to administration and proposals of administration 62. In current affairs reading Editorials Online needs an in-depth focus and hence we provide a separate analysis of daily editorials which is not found in any other website. A Constitution Amendment Bill is not treated as a Money Bill even if all its provisions attract article 110 1 for the reason that such amendments are governed by article 368 which over-rides the provisions regarding Money Bills. Such Bills are categorised as Money Bills as they seek to authorise appropriation from the Consolidated Fund of India, of all moneys required to meet the grants made by the House and the expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. Taxes on Railway fares and freights Taxes on the sale and purchase of news papers and on advertisements published therein Taxes on agricultural income Taxes on professions, trades, calling and employment Choose the correct answer from the given below : A. The Governor, if the State Legislature passes a resolution this effect by two-thirds majority B.
If the majority of members present and voting accept the bill, the bill is regarded as passed by the House. The elected members hold office for a term of five years while the nominated members i. If the majority of members present and voting in the joint sitting approves the bill, the bill is deemed to have been passed by both the Houses. The parliament of India also allocates the financial resources by formulating the budget of the central government and keeping a track on it. Narayanan in conversation with N. This implies that out of the total strength, we deduct the vacant seats.
Electoral Functions of the Parliament of India The Parliament of India participates in the elections of the President and Vice President of India. A Money Bill, before it is introduced in the Lower House, has to receive the approval of the President. Not less than two- third majority of the total membership of the house or not less than the two-third majority of the members of that house present and voting is used to define the special majority in the Constitution of India. The stages in passing the Bill are called Readings i. However, the Right to Life and Personal Liberty cannot be suspended. The certificate of the Speaker to the effect that a Bill is a Money Bill, is to be endorsed and signed by him when it is transmitted to Rajya Sabha and also when it is presented to the President for his assent.
Category A Bills contain provisions dealing with any of the matters specified in sub-clauses a to f of clause 1 of article 110 and other matters and Category B Bills involve expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India. Ordinances remain valid for no more than six weeks from the date the parliament is convened unless approved by it earlier. In most cases, however, the president exercises his executive powers on the advice of the prime minister and the. Under article 110 1 of the Constitution, a Bill is deemed to be a Money Bill if it contains only provisions dealing with all or any of the following matters, namely: a the imposition, abolition, remission, alteration or regulation of any tax; b the regulation of the borrowing of money or the giving of any guarantee by the Government of India, or the amendment of the law with respect to any financial obligations undertaken or to be undertaken by the Government of India; c the custody of the Consolidated Fund or the Contingency Fund of India, the payment of moneys into or the withdrawal of moneys from any such fund; d the appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund of India; e the declaring of any expenditure to be expenditure charged on the Consolidated Fund of India or the increasing of the amount of any such expenditure; f the receipt of money on account of the Consolidated Fund of India or the public account of India or the custody or issue of such money or the audit of the accounts of the Union or of a State; or g any matter incidental to any of the matters specified in sub-clauses a to f. Since then, Presidents have been more diligent in directing incoming Prime Ministers to convene parliament and prove their majority within reasonable deadlines 2 to 3 weeks.
Financial Bill under article 117 1 of the Constitution can be referred to a Joint Committee of the Houses. The security deposit is liable to be forfeited in case the candidate fails to secure one-sixth of the votes polled. Cases where special majority as per article 368 plus state ratification is used: To pass a constitutional amendment bill which affects federalism like the — position of High Court Judges. Similarly, a Bill seeking to amend or consolidate the law relating to Income-tax is treated as a Money Bill. The President may either give or withhold his assent to a Money Bill.
Financial emergency Article 282 accords financial autonomy in spending the financial resources available with the states for public purpose. Effective Majority in this case is 118 or more. Finally, the number of legislators in state matters; if a state has few legislators, then each legislator has more votes; if a state has many legislators, then each legislator has fewer votes. Use of English language in Parliament. Financial Bills A legislative act intended to raise public revenues. Archived from on 2 April 2012.
Ragging is defined as an act that violates or is perceived to violate an individual student's dignity. A Bill contemplating such an alteration can be introduced in the Parliament only with the prior recommendation of the President; and before recommending the bill, the President has to refer the same to the state legislature concerned for expressing its views within a specified period. President cannot be recalled by the people of India for not fulfilling his constitutional duties in case parliament is not impeaching the president or removed by the supreme court. The president is bound by the constitution to act on the of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution. It is true that law is made joint by the legislature and executive, but the role of legislature in lawmaking deserves s mention.
Later, the bill is published in the Gazette of India. A 14 days notice to move a resolution is given. If the majority of members present and voting accept the bill, the bill is regarded as passed by the House. They also represent India in international organizations. Cases where special majority as per article 61 is used: For the impeachment of the Indian President. Assent to Constitution Amendment Bills 11.
It states that: Article 111. Special Majorities: This is a special kind of majority required in certain cases. For uniformity of legislation nationwide parliament make laws on matter present in Union list and concurrent list. Such laws can be passed by a simple majority and by the ordinary legislative process. There are four alternative before this House: a It may pass the bill as sent by the first house. The elected members hold office for a term of five years while the nominated members i.
A Judge of the High Court can be removed from office during his tenure by A. Citizenship - acquisition and termination. In the second category are those Bills which inter-alia contain provisions which would on enactment involve expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India. On the other hand, if the first House rejects the amendments suggested by the second House or the second House rejects the bill altogether or the second House does not take any action for six months, a deadlock is deemed to have taken place. The general principle is that the total number of votes cast by Members of parliament equals the total number of votes cast by State Legislators. This is not the main objective as the constitution provides clear cut distribution of legislative powers between the Centre and the states. These Bills can be introduced in either House of Parliament.