These activities are setting of transmission lines, seismic surveys, exploration, drilling and hydroelectric projects. Implementation conditions apply to revised proposals. The unintended or incidental pollution of soil with man made chemicals. The Act prevents even the State governments and any other authority to dereserve a forest which is already reserved. The Act also prohibits forest land to be used for non-forest purposes, except with the prior approval of the Central Government.
Chapter 2 describes general powers of. Environmental Information System: Environmental information system network with its 20 centres on various subject areas continues its activities in environmental information collection, storage, retrieval and dissemination to all concerned. Duration of works approvals and licences. Protection of action taken in good faith Sec. Some terms related to environment have been described as follows in the Act: i Environment includes water, air and land and the inter-relationships that exist among and between them and human beings, all other living organisms and property. Minor changes to implementation conditions.
If the failure or contravention continues beyond a period of one year after the date of conviction, the offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which, may extend to seven years. It deals with the exchange of various materials between the biotic and abiotic components of environment. Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and West Bengal and all the Union Territories and such other States which may adopt it in pursuance of Article 252 1 of the Constitution. Environmental protection directions, issue and effect of. Powers and Functions of Central and State Pollution Control Boards The Central Pollution Control Board has to perform the following functions: 1. Relationship between clearing permits and approved policies. Inspector to try to minimise damage.
Independence of Authority and Chairman. No person shall handle or cause to be handled any hazardous substance except in accordance with such procedure and after complying with such safe guards as may be prescribed. Excessive noise emissions from vehicles or vessels. However, the policy has not touched upon the implications of setting up an industry in the sensitive areas, both ecological or otherwise, which would have an effect on the overall development process. Closure notices, issue and effect of. In this direction, the Act was passed and there was provision to take action against industries or persons in this regards.
A person may, if the noise level exceeds the ambient noise standards by 10dB A or more, make a complaint to the authority. Minutes to be kept of meetings of Authority. While several legislations such as The Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1974 and The Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981 were enacted after the Conference, the need for a general legislation had become increasingly evident. In the wake of the , the enacted the Environment Protection Act of 1986 under Article 253 of the Constitution. Public inquiry into draft policy.
Application of penalties collected Division 2 -- Infringement notice offences. This was due to Bhopal Gas Tragedy which was considered as the worst industrial tragedy in India. The definitions are given in the second section of the Act. The decline in environmental quality has been evidenced by increasingpollution, loss of vegetal power and biological diversity, excessiveconcentration of harmful chemicals in the ambient atmosphere and in foodchains, growing risks of environmental accidents and threat to life supportsystems. Decision-making authority not to approve proposal until certain events occur. To Organise Training: It plans and organises the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes for the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution.
The Noise Pollution Regulation and Control Rules, 2000: Under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, the Central government made the Noise Pollution Rules in 2000 for regulation and control of noise producing and generating sources. Penalties Section 15 provides for Penalties for contravention of the provisions of the Act as well as the Rules, Orders and Directions. To Control Wafer Pollution: The main objective of this Act was to provide for the prevention and control of water pollution and maintaining or restoring of wholesomeness of water in streams or wells or sewer or on laundry. Section 4 allows the government to appoint officers to achieve these objectives. Later on it became the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985. In Goa Foundation v Diksha Holdings Pvt.
Forest Conservation Act, 1980: After independence, the Government of India adopted the National Forest Policy wherein it emphasized on the need of protection of forests and categorised forests of India into four categories, namely, protected forests, national forests, village forests and tree forests. The Factories Act, 1948: The Factories Act of 1948 may be considered as an important milestone in environmental legislation. Inspectors, appointment and purposes of. No person carrying on an industry, operation or process shall discharge or emit any environmental pollutant in excess of standards prescribed by the Government. The State Pollution Control Board has to perform the following functions: 1 Adviser to State Government: It advises the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution. The Ordinance was later on repealed with the enactment of the National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997.
Article 48A of the Constitution specifies that the State shall endeavor to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wildlife of the country. To make rules to regulate environmental pollution; To notify standards and maximum limits of pollutants of air, water, and soil for various areas and purposes; Prohibition and restriction on the handling of hazardous substances, and location of industries Sections 3-6. Act was to create an authority or authorities under sec. While the Air Act and Water Act deal with prevention and control of specific kinds of pollution, the E. PowerPoint Presentation: v restriction of areas in which any industries, operations or processes or class of industries, operations or processes shall not be carried out or shall be carried out subject to certain safeguards. Minister to remit draft policy, or approve it with or without amendments or refuse to approve it. The Act makes the central government, the repository of wide powers.