If the website has no author, use the site owner's name. It is both a paper document in the collection and a digital object in e-Archives. The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. We use primary sources to help us learn about an event, topic, or historical time period. If your published source is from the Internet, you will need to include the website and last time you accessed the page. There are cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Many archives have preferred citation formats for their records.
In school, teachers may assign a book report homework. The Classical Tradition: Greek and Roman Influences on Western Literature. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information. For published primary material, your third entry within the citation should designate the format of the source. Internet Modern History Sourcebook, Paul Halsall, ed.
Provide as much of this information as you are able to help support your work and give other readers the opportunity to consult the same material. Provide the edition, version, volume, and number information, if present. Issue if applicable : page range. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Depending on the repository and record group, you may have additional data such as series and file units. The citation should include enough information to allow another researcher to locate the original source document. Any time you use the ideas of others, whether you are quoting or not, you must cite the source.
If a type you need to site does not appear on this list, contact your professor. An example of a secondary source is the book titled, The Treaty of Versaille: A Concise History , by Michael S. Two Authors Smith and Johnson 45. Identify the publisher and date. Citing your sources has two main purposes: one practical; the other ethical.
If there is no author, just begin with the title. These resources follow the 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017. Translation Last name, First Name or Common Name. In this book, the author analyzes the entire treaty, piece by piece, and evaluates how the treaty affected the world after its establishment. Name of Editor First name, last.
Book with an Editor Last name, First Name of editor ed. This can help you and your readers quickly and easily access the material if you want to revisit it or they want to check your work. Include screen names as author names when author name is not known. Translated by Jamie Bulloch, Simon and Schuster, 2016. Quotations are not substitutes for argumentation.
The Christians as the Romans Saw Them. It is a copyright page containing everything you need. Chicago, Works Cited: Brainard and Frances Neel Cheney Papers. Example: 29 Hastings Ismay, The Memoirs of General Lord Ismay New York: Viking, 1960 , 199, quoted in James Holland, The Battle of Britain New York: St. There are different ways of doing in-text citations, depending on the style guide you use. However, these styles contain the same basic information and only vary in the format in which you write the citation. The Final Report of the United States Displaced Persons Commission.
Chicago B List the author name or publisher, date and paragraph number. Use the following format: Author. Why and how do I include quotations in my paper? Many digital, visual, and auditory formats do not have page numbers or other information that corresponds to that used when citing traditional print sources. Bear in mind the divisions and the way they are written can vary by source. Brainard and Frances Neel Cheney Papers Box 16, File 20. Keep in mind that in-text citations in Chicago A will be indicated with a superscript number 1.
Dubois, Jack Daws Publications, 2005. The closing quotation mark comes after all punctuation. Usually, the title of the page or article appears in a header at the top of the page. The document shown on the left is found in the: Collection: George Ade Papers, 1878-2007 Series: Series 2: Correspondence, ca. Format: Author of original source, first name first, Title City of Publication: Publisher, year , page number, quoted in Author of secondary source, first name first, Title City of Publication: Publisher, year , page number. First, citations allow a reader to locate information that you quote or cite, allowing them to explore a topic further and to verify your interpretations and arguments.
It is considered a primary source because it is a raw document that students themselves can interpret, critique, and analyze. Both citations in the examples above, 263 and Wordsworth 263 , tell readers that the information in the sentence can be located on page 263 of a work by an author named Wordsworth. Congress name, session number, year, volume section number. The parenthetical citation should come before the period at the end of the sentence. . E-mail including E-mail Interviews Give the author of the message, followed by the subject line in quotation marks.