In some areas such as , the city government charges its households and industries for the volume of rubbish they produce. It was, however, discovered that the charges are made according to type of residential area, by another key informant. Various ways of waste classification - According to the form - Basis of moisture content - Basis of their property - According to their effect on environment 5. This type of source of energy is a renewable energy source as non-recyclable waste can be used over and over again to create energy. Most of the respondents 48. Mere dumping of Domestic Waste without treatment in nearby locality should be avoided by the local municipal authorities. Other forms of household waste include aerosol cans, ammunition, motor oil, paints and solvents.
Systems are in use in Europe and North America. You can start using many techniques right at home, like reduction and reuse, which works to reduce the amount of disposable material used. At individual level people should try to dispose Domestic Waste by digging pit in their yards and putting biodegradable waste into pit and shielding it from rain water which further can be used as compost manure. The use of for waste disposal became popular in the late 19th century. The toxics contain in the waste, contaminates water. The persons who wander for collecting the discarded things for selling purpose through wastes also suffer from various health problems like respiratory problem from inhaling particles, infection from direct contact with contaminated materials which lead to headache, diarrhea, fever and cough and cold.
Waste is produced by human activity, for example the extraction and processing of raw materials. Particular concern has focused on some very persistent such as , , and , which may be created and which may have serious environmental consequences. The above video gives you a detailed explanation about Waste : Session Covers : 1. Variables Frequency Percent Do you think waste management is important It is important 261 71. Data analysis The data were processed using Epi info software, version 3. Out of the 400 respondents who were selected for the sample, 35 respondents refused to participant in the study.
This process of waste disposal focuses attention on burying the waste in the land. Common waste produced during pre-modern times was mainly ashes and human , and these were released back into the ground locally, with minimum. Based on the assumption that 50% of households would dispose of their waste correctly, it was estimated that a sample size of 384 was needed to have a 95% confidence interval with a 5% margin of error. Toxic items that are improperly discarded can also damage septic and water treatment systems. Accra: Ghana Statistical Service; 2003. Waste has been a major environmental issue everywhere since the industrial revolution. The Ghana landfill guideline noted that the current practice of solid waste disposal in the country has been largely by uncontrolled dumping in places, such as abandoned quarry sites, valleys, beaches, and drains.
This practice may encourage disposal contractors to opt for the cheapest disposal option such as landfill rather than the environmentally best solution such as re-use and recycling. Door-to-door collection is rarely practiced community collection bins are poorly managed and are usually no more than open dumps on the roadside. Economic benefits The household waste sorting machine will save a lot of land and capital. Not only was the number of respondents who cooked at home high, but the frequency of cooking at home was high. For example, waste bins are placed at the sites which generate sufficient waste. Because of this fact both the government and environmental associations have developed numerous methods of dealing with the problem. In its scope, solid waste management includes planning, administrative, financial, engineering and legal functions.
Q: What is the plastic sorting rate? Apart from that, the large quantity of plastic waste that is generated could create financial and socio-economic losses for governments at large when they try to manage it. Waste management disposes of the products and substances that you have use in a safe and efficient manner. Incineration is carried out both on a small scale by individuals and on a large scale by industry. All healthcare organisations should have a waste policy which specifies how an organisation manages its waste and identifies who is responsible for this within the organisation Introduction The management of healthcare waste is an essential part of ensuring that healthcare activities do not pose a risk or potential risk of infection and are securely managed Health Technical Memorandum 07-01. The in-depth interviews were audiotaped using a digital audio-recorder, which were complemented with written interview notes.
The recycling of complex products such as computers and electronic equipment is more difficult, due to the additional dismantling and separation required. The remaining reported types of waste were: plastics 64. Judgment and decisions of the judiciary have proved that pollution free environment and clean city is facet of Right to life. Composting is so far only possible on a small scale, either by private individuals or in areas where waste can be mixed with farming soil or used for landscaping purposes. Conclusions The study found that the majority of the solid waste generated at home was largely food debris and plastics, which were mainly stored in uncovered plastic containers and disposed without separation.
Globalization, Urbanization and Municipal Solid Waste Management in Africa. It is your choices as to how you will dispose of waste, however it is always in your best interest to take a look at all of the options that you have available before making the choice. The perception of waste as an unwanted material with no intrinsic value has dominated attitudes towards disposal. Cleanliness should be developed as a part of culture. This could be because 12.
In some cases waste can pose a threat to human health. Mueller is a Canadian who has been writing professionally since 2003. Recycling and the Politics of Urban Waste. Early were simply open bodied pulled by a team of horses. The solids left from pyrolysis contain metals, glass, sand and pyrolysis coke which does not convert to gas. However, local governments usually lack the authority and resources to provide a satisfactory and economically viable service.