Apart from the power cost, man power is also shortage in textile mills due to dusty environment inside the mill and heavy noise from the textile machines. Specialized boilers and furnaces, ii. Use smooth, well-rounded air inlet cones for fan air intakes. This paper outlines some of the options that energy auditor can consider while conducting an audit in an institute. Ceiling fans, for instance, cost about 30 paise an hour to operate - much less than air conditioners Rs.
Ninety percent of the energy consumed by an ordinary bulb incandescent lamp is given off as heat rather than visible light. If one were to relate to the manageability of the cost or potential cost savings in each of the above components, energy would invariably emerge as a top ranker, and thus energy management function constitutes a strategic area for cost reduction. Battery chargers, such as those for laptops, cell phones and digital cameras, draw power whenever they are plugged in and are very inefficient. Among these are several retro-fittings, modifications and repair work at its captive power plant, cement grinding unit and for its lighting. These instruments must be portable, durable, easy to operate and relatively inexpensive. The building model is calibrated against actual utility data to provide a realistic baseline against which to compute operating savings for proposed measures. In the work of the earlier government-appointed committees, the emphasis, understandably, was more on aspects of energy supply.
Installed power of the mill had been gathered from the mills and plotted in Table department-wise. Energy is very important in the entire process of evolution, growth and survival of the world. For a developing country like India, the energy criterion decides the growth of the country. Such an audit programme will help to keep focus on variations which occur in the energy costs, availability and reliability of supply of energy, decide on appropriate energy mix, identify energy conservation technologies, retrofit for energy conservation equipment etc. One of the important ways of to improve the energy conservation is energy audit. The aim of this paper is to present the results generated from a detailed energy audit study conducted in an office buildings to propagate the awareness of energy saving potentials in Indian buildings.
Power of the motor, kW 4. Any organization which is a large consumer of electrical energy should adopt suitable scheme of energy conservation to minimize the energy utility. However, the same had not been tried in this mill. Hence, judicial use of energy and energy audit becomes an important. As the numbers of motors are more, there is a towering of scope in energy saving in this zone. When dust builds up on refrigerator's condenser coils, the motor works harder and uses more electricity. Energy consumption is an important aspect with respect to operating costs of buildings.
The primary objective of Energy Audit is to determine ways to reduce energy consumption per unit of product output or to lower operating costs. Energy Distribution in Textile Mill Energy audit had been conducted in one of the leading textile mill, which is located in Southern part of Tamil nadu. The detailed study report is mentioned in the Table. Balance the three-phase power supply. Interviews were conducted with a number of government policy-making institutions and a national industrial development bank. Hence, textile machinery manufacturers are integrating automation in the machines, indirectly requirement of power of the machines is increased.
By reducing the temperature setting of water heater from 60 degrees to 50 degrees C, one could save over 18 percent of the energy used at the higher setting. The level of energy consumption is very high. Cogeneration policies in existing industries should be identified and pursued if necessary by providing financial incentives. Proceedings of the International Conference, Asia Energy Vision 2020, November 15-17, 1996. You'll reduce the amount of time the door remains open. Eco-Management and Auditing, 8 2 :144-153. This instrument is useful for measuring hot spots in furnaces, surface temperatures etc.
Otherwise, there may be some minor discrepancies between the systems evaluated as part of the audit and those actually installed at the facility. Shortage of capital to fund energy conservation projects. The increasing energy demand has an adverse effect on the environment and also an increasing pressure for a government. In light of the fact that only 5. Think about what you need before opening refrigerator door.
Step 6 - Utility Analysis The utility analysis is a detailed review of energy bills from the previous 12 to 36 months. These can be categorized as: i. For surface temperature, a leaf type probe is used with the same instrument. We see that by just using the variable frequency drives in these systems, huge amount of energy is saved. Star delta starter for motor operation. The power study had been taken for complete mill plant. As a result, a unit saved per hour is 2.
In addition, with the advent of deregulation, energy can be purchased on contract from a number of third party marketers. Space heating accounts for 61% of the total residential energy consumption with kerosene as the most popular fuel used for heating. F kW Pneumafil exhaust motor Spg 9. Calculations showed that implementation of those measures would result in a reduction in the annual energy consumption of about 33% for lighting and 37% for air conditioning. Naga Bhavya 1 and Y. The objective is to address issues relating to energy generation, conservation and other associated resource management with a view to achieving the development of a low carbon and more eco-friendly built environment.
During power audit more concentration was given on Ring frame machines to conserve the energy in this mill. Many automatic devices can help in saving energy used in lighting. In textile industry, electricity consumption and power cost is in increasing trend due to modernised machines and continuous usage of the machines in inefficient operating parameters. A system of governmental recognition and awards should be instituted for honouring individuals and organizations for outstanding performance in energy conservation. Many buildings in India, situated in different climatic zones are energy inefficient since they were not constructed following energy conservation building codes and techniques of solar passive architecture. References Cite this article as: Dhayaneswaran, Y.