Athenian men generally did not marry until their early thirties, but it would have been a rare Athenian man who went to his marriage bed without extensive sexual experience. They were not supposed to leave the house save for the general locality although some country women were allowed a bit more freedom , their domestic work was minimal depending on the number of slaves she had, and in general her main purpose as a wife was to produce healthy children. Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: solider. Prior to that date, it has been alluded to by some authors, that the status of women was not so glum. Though they had different approaches in overseeing their region, they were both similar and dissimilar in the way they managed their politics, societies, and economies. The individual lived and died for the state. In the swift moving pace of the history of the world to 1500 in 30 days, I have not found a way to provide context in lectures before they read the sources, though that is still a method I hope to use in the future.
In fact, women more than one third of the land in Sparta and daughters were allowed to inherit it just like sons. On the other hand, Athens did not have a very strong army, their expertise was in the navy. Spartan law codified under expressed the importance of child bearing to Sparta. Spartan and Athenian women lived much of their lives far removed from the men of their societies. In the phalanx, the army worked as a unit in a close, deep formation, and made coordinated mass maneuvers. Education was instituted as a province policy for both adult male and adult female Hooker, 1995. Because of the need to provide a dowry for daughters, and given the low value placed on women generally, it is fair to assume that, as in other cultures from China to Afghanistan today, girls were far more likely to be left to die by their own fathers.
In any event other Greeks clearly believed that Spartan women had far too much power for the good of the state. Athens and Sparta, though both Greek city-states were different in the way they operated. The Peloponnesian War was between the two over Sparta's fear of Athens' growth of power, and especially the Megarian Decree, an Athenian economic sanction against the Spartan ally Megara. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. The result of this is that Spartan women have greater mobility and independence than women in any other Greek city-state. Aristotle also criticised Spartan women for their wealth. This was based on the evidences that she was to the full matured.
They worshiped their gods and respected people. The single-shouldered garment, baring the right breast, was the characteristic dress of competitors in the , suggesting that she is a runner. Of all Greek city- states, it can be said that Athens and Sparta were two of the most influential and prominent, as their extremely differing individualistic attributes were embedded within their constant disagreements. However, the Spartan government played an even more personal role in the lives of its citizens by instilling a great deal of civic pride in its military. They were subjected to continual physical, competitions which could involve violence , given meager rations and expected to become skilled at stealing food, among other survival skills. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons.
Because perioikoi were free, any use of force against them would have brought the Spartiate severe punishment. Some eighty years after the , according to the traditional chronology, from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. Claim to Fame Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. Activities such as weaving which were considered women's work elsewhere in Greece were not considered fit for free women in Sparta. Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword.
Women did not have a vote in the assembly but seem to have had a lot of influence behind the scene. They usually were not taught how to read and write though. Athenian girls were reared in their houses on a diet smaller and less nutritious than that of their brothers, lacking meat, fish, spices, and wine. Women could own proper—and did in fact own more than a third of the land in Sparta—and they could dispose of it as they wished. Then, by comparing how these two societies treated women, a more complete image of their experience in ancient Athens and Sparta becomes evident. The two city states had different governments and social make-ups.
It was dependent upon agribusiness while Athens was widely distributed and dependent on industry and trade. Women got married young around 14 usually to an older man. However women have always been the cogs working behind the machine, some more than others, and when looking at Classical Greece we see the very predictable form of women to the very backward form of women, namely Athens and Sparta. On a normal day, it is probable that Spartan husbands were away from home less than the average working man today, who leaves home at 7 or 8 am and returns only after a commute and an 8 hour workday some 10 hours or more later. Because of the laws and principles established by Lycurgus, Spartan women had more freedoms than Athenian women, however, they also shared similar familial customs and political status restrictions. Boys under 17 also learned reading, writing, dancing and singing. The men of Athens had to be the boss in public, but there was no such social requirement in the home behind closed doors.
Women were never citizens, but only able to transmit the rights of citizenship to their sons Perry, et al, 1992, 228. Not so difficult to live with even for ardent lovers…. Nothing in Spartan law or custom prevented her from voicing it. Women had a pivotal role for raising healthy and strong children; as a result they were required to maintain athleticism and good eating habits. Presumably this was to guarantee healthier and stronger babies rather than a large number, but it meant that most girls were emotionally stronger when they married. Then she entered and was taken to the hearth where she was given offerings. Despite the fact that they had their differences, they were both able to build a strong and thriving civilization that historians and common individuals still discuss today.